Threonine, chemical structure, molecular formula, Reference Standards
»Threonine contains not less than 98.5percent and not more than 101.5percent of C4H9NO3,as L-threonine,calculated on the dried basis.
Packaging and storage
Preserve in well-closed containers.
USP Reference standards á11ñ
USPL-Proline RS.USPL-Threonine RS.
Specific rotation á781Sñ:
between -26.7and -29.1.
60mg per mL,in water.
between 5.0and 6.5in a solution (1in 20).
Loss on drying á731ñ
Dry it at 105for 3hours:it loses not more than 0.2%of its weight.
Residue on ignition á281ñ:
not more than 0.4%.
A0.73-g portion shows no more chloride than corresponds to 0.50mLof 0.020Nhydrochloric acid (0.05%).
A0.33-g portion shows no more sulfate than corresponds to 0.10mLof 0.020Nsulfuric acid (0.03%).
Heavy metals,Method Iá231ñ:
0.25-mm layer of chromatographic silica gel mixture.
Prepare by mixing 10mLof hydrochloric acid with sufficient water to make 1000mL.
Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of Threonine in 2Nhydrochloric acid to obtain a solution having a concentration of 10mg per mL.Apply 5µL.
Dissolve an accurately weighed quantity of USPL-Threonine RSin Diluentto obtain a solution having a known concentration of about 0.05mg per mL.Apply 5µL.[NOTEThis solution has a concentration equivalent to about 0.5%of that of the Test solution.]
System suitability solution
Prepare a solution in Diluentcontaining 0.4mg each of USPL-Threonine RSand USPL-Proline RSper mL.Apply 5µL.
Dissolve 0.2g of ninhydrin in 100mLof a mixture of butyl alcohol and 2Nacetic acid (95:5).
Developing solvent system
Prepare a mixture of butyl alcohol,glacial acetic acid,and water (60:20:20).
Proceed as directed for Thin-Layer Chromatographyunder Chromatography á621ñ.After air-drying the plate,spray with Spray reagent,and heat between 100and 105for about 15minutes.Examine the plate under white light.The chromatogram obtained from the System suitability solutionexhibits two clearly separated spots.Any secondary spot in the chromatogram obtained from the Test solutionis not larger or more intense than the principal spot in the chromatogram obtained from the Standard solution:not more than 0.5%of any individual impurity is found;and not more than 2.0%of total impurities is found.
Organic volatile impurities,Method Vá467ñ:
meets the requirements.
Transfer about 110mg of Threonine,accurately weighed,to a 125-mLflask,dissolve in a mixture of 3mLof formic acid and 50mLof glacial acetic acid,and titrate with 0.1Nperchloric acid VS,determining the endpoint potentiometrically.Perform a blank determination,and make any necessary correction.Each mLof 0.1Nperchloric acid is equivalent to 11.91mg of C4H9NO3.
Staff Liaison:Lawrence Evans,III,Ph.D.,Scientist
Expert Committee:(DSN)Dietary Supplements:Non-Botanicals
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