»White Wax is the product of bleaching and purifying Yellow Wax that is obtained from the honeycomb of the bee [Apis melliferaLinné(Fam.Apidae)]and that meets the requirements of the Saponification cloud test.
Packaging and storage
Preserve in well-closed containers.
Melting range,Class IIá741ñ:
Saponification cloud test
Place 3.00g in a round-bottom,100-mLboiling flask fitted with a ground-glass joint.Add 30mLof a solution prepared by dissolving 40g of potassium hydroxide in about 900mLof aldehyde-free alcohol maintained at a temperature not exceeding 15
,and then when solution is complete,warming to room temperature and adding aldehyde-free alcohol to make 1000mL.Reflux the mixture gently for 2hours.At the end of this period,open the flask,insert a thermometer into the solution,and place the flask in a container of water at a temperature of 80
.Rotate the flask in the bath while both the bath and the solution cool:the solution shows no cloudiness or globule formation before the temperature reaches 65
Fats or fatty acids,Japan wax,rosin,and soap
Boil 1g for 30minutes with 35mLof 3.5Nsodium hydroxide contained in a 100-mLbeaker,maintaining the volume by the occasional addition of water,and allow the mixture to cool at room temperature for about 2hours:the wax separates,leaving the liquid clear,turbid,or translucent,but not opaque.Filter the cool mixture,and acidify the clear filtrate with hydrochloric acid:the liquid remains clear or shows not more than a slight amount of turbidity or precipitate.
Acid value á401ñ
Warm about 3g,accurately weighed,in a 200-mLflask with 25mLof neutralized dehydrated alcohol until melted,shake the mixture,add 1mLof phenolphthalein TS,and titrate the warm liquid with 0.5Nalcoholic potassium hydroxide VSto produce a permanent,faint pink color:the acid value so obtained is between 17and 24.
Ester value á401ñ
To the solution resulting from the determination of Acid value
add 25.0mLof 0.5Nalcoholic potassium hydroxide VSand 50mLof aldehyde-free alcohol,reflux the mixture for 4hours,and titrate the excess alkali with 0.5Nhydrochloric acid VS.Perform a blank determination (see Residual Titrations
under Titrimetry á541ñ
).The ester value so obtained is between 72and 79.
:Ravi Ravichandran,Ph.D.,Senior Scientist